The Guardian, By George Monbiot, December 25
The figures were so astounding that I refused to believe them. I found them buried in a footnote, and assumed at first that they must have been a misprint. So I checked the source, wrote to the person who first published them, and followed the citations. To my amazement, they appear to stand up.
A kilogramme of beef protein reared on a British hill farm can generate the equivalent of 643kg of carbon dioxide. A kilogramme of lamb protein produced in the same place can generate 749kg. One kilo of protein from either source, in other words, causes more greenhouse gas emissions than a passenger flying from London to New York.
This is the worst case, and the figure comes from a farm whose soils have a high carbon content. But the numbers uncovered by a wider study are hardly reassuring: you could exchange your flight to New York for an average of 3kg of lamb protein from hill farms in England and Wales. You’d have to eat 300kg of soy protein to create the same impact.
As the world’s people adopt the western diet, a paper in the Climatic Change journal estimates, the methane and nitrous oxide produced by farming could rise to the equivalent of 13bn tonnes of carbon dioxide a year by 2070. This is more than all human activities combined can safely produce without exceeding 2C of global warming. Climate breakdown looks inevitable – unless we all change our diets.
(Photo by Monika Graff/Getty Images)
NPR says “Some Muslim Americans Irritated by Obama’s Call For Them to ‘Root Out’ Extremism.” They quote a Palestinian-American (and BLM) activist, “We would never ask any other faith community to stand up and condemn acts of violence committed by people within their groups.” Yet this call is a cornerstone of every international framework on the table to contain Muslim extremism. Although military and economic warfare have effects on ISIS’s turf lines and financing, everyone acknowledges that in the end the real battle is one for “hearts and minds.”
But Muslim communities have few examples to follow within American borders. Christian extremists bomb and shoot up the few Planned Parenthood clinics that have survived waves of de-funding. They picket veteran funerals, corrupt science and history and sex ed, and deny gay rights. If we expect the Islamic world to spiritually heal itself from within, American moderate and progressive religious leaders need to take greater advantage of their freedoms of speech and assembly to condemn and police toxic attitudes and practices in their neighboring churches.
Being the first in a planned Twilight series of observations and ruminations on the state of the world and its denizens, past, present and future.
Return On Investment: As ye sow, so shall ye reap.
When I was a teenager, I drove a 1924 Star. It rattled, creaked, squeaked, clinked, clanked, banged, jangled, clattered and protested mightily when called upon to actually move, but it did get me to school and an occasional jaunt into the countryside. We had to scrounge up old tires and spare parts, even machining some pieces in shop class, since Durant Motors was long out of business. Keeping it on the road became increasingly difficult and complicated. I finally decided it wasn’t worth the time, money and cussing. It might have had some value to an antique auto collector, but it had a negative ROI as a useful means of transportation. As I look around, a great deal of what I see reminds me of that old car.
There are a lot of individual pieces that need to work together. And they aren’t.
President Obama’s address tonight contained little news, but his Oval Office backdrop lent a new gravity to his request for Muslim countries and organizations to help de-radicalize Iraq and Syria. For the first time, he unequivocally acknowledged San Bernadino, Fort Hood and even Chatanooga as terrorist attacks, and warned of the effectiveness of ISIL’s recruitment campaigns over the Internet.
Syria is already the most complicated battleground since World War 2, and keeping up with all the shifting goals and allegiances of a growing list of players may prove impossible. Political relations with nearby Muslim countries are just as complex. ISIL may lose ground in an international military push, but halting its spread elsewhere requires a global effort.
Anti-capitalists take over climate protest to rail against ban on marches imposed after terror attacks on city.
The Guardian, By Karl Mathiesen, November 29
A day of celebration and hope in Paris disintegrated into rioting and clashes with police on Sunday, after anti-capitalists and anarchists hijacked a peaceful event organised by climate activists earlier in the day.
About 200 protesters, some wearing masks, fought with police on a street leading to la place de la République, which has become a gathering place for Parisians since the terror attacks on 13 November that killed 130 people. Witnesses said floral and other tributes were trampled in the melee.
About 100 protesters were arrested and the gathering was cleared by police using batons and teargas.
Earlier on Sunday, there had been a carnival atmosphere in the square before the climate summit due to begin on the city’s outskirts on Monday. Thousands of shoes, including a pair belonging to Pope Francis, had been symbolically laid in the square to represent a climate march that was cancelled by authorities after the terror attacks.
The Guardian Live Blog: Global climate march 2015: hundreds of thousands march around the world – as it happened
What about the hour-long attempts to stop the bombing? Why is this damning report being released the day before Thanksgiving? And what does this say about the competency of the U.S. military?
Common Dreams, By Lauren McCauley, November 25
Doctors Without Borders is challenging the Pentagon over the findings of internal probes into the bombing of a hospital in the Afghan city of Kunduz on October 3, saying the military’s conclusions offer “more questions than answers” and that claims of “human error” simply don’t correspond to the available facts.
The pair of investigations, which trickled out by way of the mainstream media, reduced the attack on the Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) hospital to series of human errors and technical glitches. The findings claim to show that despite the medical charity’s documented efforts to alert commanders to the onslaught, those signals did not reportedly reach the trigger team until it was “too late,” resulting in the deaths of at least 31 civilians and injuring 28 more.
Among observers—including the head of MSF—the findings have raised some eyebrows as well as questions such as: What about the hour-long attempts to stop the bombing? How does this compare to MSF’s own investigation? Why are these damning reports being released the day before Thanksgiving? And what does this say about the competency of the U.S. military?
ABC.au, By Peter Burton, November 17
What impact will the attacks have on the Paris Climate Change Conference scheduled to begin in 12 days?
While already complicated, the talks will now take place within a state of emergency that is threatening to limit public participation.
Events in Paris continue to unfold at a dizzying pace. But in the coming days we will learn a lot by paying attention to how parties use (and abuse) the language of freedom and liberty.
Discovery News, By Eric Niiler, October 26
If any place could be described as a living hell, it might be the desert regions of the Middle East. Hot, dry, dusty and arid, these harsh landscapes still manage to support cities populated by tens of millions of people who rely on air conditioning to survive.
Now scientists say that by the end of the century, the effects of climate change will push the region into a zone that surpasses the limits of human survival. They believe that most any outdoor activity will be hazardous.
“This is a significantly more severe type of heat wave than what people have experienced before,” said Elfatih Eltahir, professor of civil and environmental engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Quick! Get the oil out before it gets too hot!
Nature Climate Change: Future temperature in southwest Asia projected to exceed a threshold for human adaptability
The Intercept just published a huge expose of the Pentagon’s drone program.
Mother Jones, By AJ Vicens and Max J. Rosenthal, October 15
On Thursday, the Intercept published a major package of stories that reveals the inner workings of the US military’s drone program, including how and why people are targeted for assassination on the amorphous battlefields of Yemen, Somalia, and other countries. “The Drone Papers,” according to the Intercept, is based on a trove of a classified documents leaked by a whistleblower who grew concerned by the government’s methods of targeting individuals for lethal action.
“This outrageous explosion of watchlisting—of monitoring people and racking and stacking them on lists, assigning them numbers, assigning them ‘baseball cards,’ assigning them death sentences without notice, on a worldwide battlefield—it was, from the very first instance, wrong,” the source said.
The package is a deep look into how the US military has conducted its counterterrorism operations around the world, and it comes on the same day that President Barack Obama cited the counterterrorism mission against Al Qaeda as one of the two reasons to keep nearly 10,000 soldiers in Afghanistan for at least another year.
Amnesty International called for an immediate congressional inquiry into the drone program, saying the leaked documents “raise serious concerns about whether the USA has systematically violated international law, including by classifying unidentified people as ‘combatants’ to justify their killings.”
ProPublica: Drone Papers: Leaked Military Documents Expose US ‘Assassination Complex’
The Intercept: The Drone Papers
CNN, By Evan Perez and Wesley Bruer, October 13